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Learn more about cannabis and its impact.

What is cannabis?

  • Cannabis is a drug.
  • Cannabis consists of dried flowers, fruiting tops and leaves and is most commonly a greenish or brownish colour
  • Cannabis resin (or hashish) is a brown or black secretion from the plant that can be further processed to produce hash oil
  • It acts as a hallucinogen that alters perceptions, thoughts, and feelings.
  • THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol) is one of the main active ingredients in cannabis.

What are the effects of using cannabis?

Short-term effects can include:

  • altered perception of time, distance and space
  • impaired judgment
  • loss of coordination
  • disorientation
  • red eye
  • dry mouth and throat
  • increased appetite
  • sleepiness
  • racing heart rate
  • panic attacks or feeling paranoid

Long-term effects can include:

  • difficulty concentrating
  • reduced memory and attention span
  • problems with school and work
  • psychological dependence and possible physical dependence
  • worsening of mental health issues, such as depression and anxiety

Medical cannabis use

Cannabis has some medicinal properties which could be helpful for certain conditions such as pain. People taking cannabis for medical reasons require medical documentation from a doctor or nurse practitioner.

How can you reduce the associated risks?

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